Gout is a form of inflammatory arthritis, which is extremely painful giving intense, acute pain making joints become swollen, hot, red and shiny.
The pain can be so painful that even light touch or the touch of a bed sheet can cause intense pain, and during in an attack it is advised to where loose fitted clothing to avoid any tight fitted clothing such as socks and wear spacious shoes to give your foot plenty of room, to help ease pressure on the joint.
Gout is a common form of arthritis affecting most commonly the big toe but can also affect ankles, knees, wrists, fingers and elbows.
But what causes Gout?
Gout is caused by a build-up of uric acid in your body forming uric acid crystals in your joints causing intense, sudden painful inflammation.
Uric acid is produced when your body breaks down purines. Uric acid is usually filtered through your kidneys and eliminated out of the body through urine but when there is excess in the body, this is when crystals are formed, which are usually formed around your joints.
How is Gout treated?
If you suspect you have Gout it is best to see your GP whom will ask you about your symptoms and diet, and may send you for a blood test, x-ray or ultrasound to confirm a diagnosis.
Treatment for gout includes taking medication prescribed by your Doctor, taking pain relief to help you through a gout attack and knowing which foods to avoid helping you manage your symptoms of Gout.
Here’s some foods to avoid:
- Organ meats (liver, tongue)
- Red Meats
- Alcoholic Drinks
- Processed foods
But what’s best to do during a Gout attack?
- Take medication that you’ve been prescribed by your GP
- Rest and try and keep your limb raised and try and avoid bumping into things
- Using ice can help to keep your joint cool.
- Keep hydrated
- Wear loose fitted clothing to give your joints plenty of room